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زندگی نامه  حسن شهباز

 

در 23 اسفندماه 1299 خورشیدی در شهرستان بابل در مازندران به دنیا آمد. از کالج اصفهان و دانشگاه تهران در رشته ادبیات انگلیسی دانشنامه گرفت. سپس در دانشگاه "وین" در میشیگان، آمریکا به تحصیل ادامه داد.

از نوجوانی به کار ترجمه روی آورد. سالیان متمادی با نشریات معروف و همچنین رادیو ایران همکاری داشت. نخستین اثر او در هجده سالگی زید عنوان "سرگذشت" در پاورقی روزنامه مهر ایران به چاپ رسید. از آن پس هر دو سال یا سه سال کتاب تازه ایاز او منتشر شد. هوس های امپراتور، ربه کا، برباد رفته از جمله آثار ترجمه اوست.

در رادیو برنامه های عدیده نوشت، از آن جمله با آثار جاویدان ادبیات جهان آشنا شوید که مدت 24 سال ادامه داشت. در جراید و مجلات، مقالات اجتماعی، ادبی و انتقادی نوشت و از سال 1967 تا 1981 میلادی در رادیو ملی ایران با مقام مشاور عالی همکاری خود را ادامه داد.

حسن شهباز روی هم رفته بیست جلد کتاب انتشار داد که مهم ترین آن ها "سیری در بزرگترین کتاب های جهان" در هفت جلد، زندگی نامه و آثار گوته، ولتر، بالزاک، تاگور، تی-اس-الیوت – داستانهای کوتاه از نویسندگان آمریکا، راه بی پایان، خاطره یک عشق، برگزیده های ادب گیت، کجا می روی؛ تراژدی فاوست و کتاب جامع افسانه های اپرا می باشد.

در مهاجرت ناخواسته به آمریکا در سال 1981، فصلنامه ره آورد را اننشار داد که امروز پیشروترین فصلنامه فارسی زبان در سراسر جهان است.

مدت ده سال در دانشگاه کالفرنیا، لوس آنجلس  UCLAبه تدرسی ادبیات فارسی پرداخت و در سال اخیر، کتابی منتشر کرد زیر عنوان " غرور و مصیبت" که در حقیقت زندگی نامه اوست. و گزیده ای از شعرهای خود را نیز انتشار داده زیرعنوان " با گام های خسته در دشت های دور".

از جمله خدمات جنبی جسن شهباز، اجرای مراسم عقد با زبان سعدی و حافظ است و شرکت در مراسم سوکواری در مقام خطیب است. به پاس خدمات فرهنگی، درجه دکترای افتخاری از دانشگاه یویین در کالیفرنیا و درجه ادبی "تورنتون وایلدر" Thomton Wilder  از دانشگاه کلمبیا در نیویورک به او اهدا گردیده است.

محل فروش کتاب های حسن شهباز
موسسه امیر کبیر www.amirkabir.net   
 کتابفروشی آدین  www.Adinebook.com


Hassan Shahbaz was born in the city of Babol, Province of Mazandaran in Northern Iran on March 13, 1922

Hassan Shahbaz was born in the city of Babol, Province of Mazandaran in Northern Iran on March 13, 1922.  He passed away on May 7th, 2006 in Los Angeles.  Hassan established himself as one of the greatest writers, journalists and translators of Iran in 20th century.

 

During the1920’s, Hossein Shahbazian - his father, whose ancestors emigrated from Baku, Russia and spoke Russian fluently - was a clerk in the Russian Bank “Esteghrazi”.  In 1926, after the closure of the bank his father moved the family (a wife, three daughters and his five year old son - Hassan) to Isfahan.

 

Hassan was enrolled in Stewart Memorial College and stopped attending school due to unexpected developments in his father’s life - which ended in his father’s imprisonment in Arak.  Hassan, his mother and sisters packed and relocated to Arak as well. The family lived there from 1936 to 1942 until the Allied Forces entered Iran. For awhile, Hassan made a living teaching English, and was later employed by Anglo Iranian Oil Company. Simultaneously, with the help of the famous blind Scholar Dr. Mohammad Khazaeli, he continued his studies and received his high school diploma in 1940. He relocated to Tehran and became friends with many scholars including Mirza Mohammad Ghazvini (Allameh). He married Batool Abdolvahabi (Ghazvini’s niece) in 1942, and conceived two children - Faramarz and Guiti.  In the years to follow, he was a translator for foreign companies, wrote articles for newspapers/ magazines, translated books, and was a contractor for Allied Forces in Iran - purchasing goods.  

 

In 1948, Hassan’s life was shattered by the death of his beloved mother causing him to loss focus on life.  He is later quoted as saying "my mother’s death broke my heart and I lost my vision in life”. He knew his mother had so much hope for his future and believed that her son was destined to become a famous scholar someday.  After a period of mourning, Hassan decided to pursue his dream of becoming a writer/scholar.

 

The launch of achieving his dream was in 1949, when he landed the editorial position at the News Desk of the Embassy of Pakistan. Which later lead to his hire at the American Embassy Cultural and News Center. By the spring of 1950, Hassan was well on track of his aspiration and even received a scholarship to attend at Wayne University in Detroit, Michigan - to study programming for Radio and Television.  Following completion at Wayne University, he returns back to Iran and furthers his career with a position working with Voice of America (Persian Section) at the American Embassy.  While his career was in flourish the same could be said of his home life.  Hassan and Batool were divorced in 1953. 

 

In the meantime, he becomes accentuated with Dr. Lotfali Souratgar, Dean of the College of Literature at the University of Tehran and Hassan continues his higher education to later receive a degree in English Literature.

 

 

 

In his years at the American Embassy Hassan makes friends with a great many high society Iranians. His home became the center of gatherings for all - poets, musicians, famous singers, artists, politicians and scholars would congregate there. Many a nights turned to days with new horizon in sight before the gatherings would end.   It would bring to mind the Salons of Paris.

 

Hassan Shahbaz had an amazing memory. He could recite poems from present to classical past poets without looking at the books. His knowledge of Persian music and Dastgah such as “Dashti, Homayoun, and Segah……” astonished people. He was a great orator who knew how to capture the audience when he talked. Above all, Hassan was a people person with talent for knowing how to treat each person as if at the moment he or she was the most important.  Children and adults adored and respected him.

 

He managed a modest life style with his various jobs and his writings.  In his book “Pride and Sorrow” he tells us while at the same time as working for the American Embassy Cultural Center he wrote, directed and performed programs for Radio Iran.

 

In 1960, one of his closest friends, Mr. Moinian became minister of Advertising and Etelaat in charge of Radio.   This gave Hassan the opportunity to take on more responsibilities at the radio.  He created the famous radio program “Learn about the Greatest Classical Works of the World” which aired many years and was one of the most popular radio programs at the time. Other programs such as “The Myths of Life”, “Dr. Khoshghadam”, “The Late Night Show” and “Conversations with Our Listeners” made Hassan Shahbaz a household name.

 

By 1964, he resigned from American Cultural Center and continued his profession in “Vezarat Etelaat and Radio Tehran” - which by then was called “Edareh Koleh Entesharat va Radio”. At this juncture in his life he met Reza Ghotbi - the head of the “Iranian National Television” and was invited to join him.

By now, according to his book Pride and Sorrow - he is at the pinnacle of his fame. From then on he became Senior Advisor to Mr. Ghotbi and the representative of “Iranian National Television and Radio” in “International Conferences of Radio and Television Unions of Asia and Australia” and one of its main speakers and most popular representative. For more than ten years he attended all the conferences with his close friend and Vice President of “Iranian National Radio and Television” Mr. Kambiz Mahmoudi.  Due to these extensive travels around the world he meets Heads of State, famous performers, actors/ actresses, scholars and writers - which later lead him to strengthen his will to pursue his writings and research.

 

Hassan’s first serious body of work is the translation of “Woodworm” written by Marie Corelli which he named “Sargozasht”. This book went to print and sold out. Sargozasht has since been reprinted several times. Followed by, the translation of “Que Vadis” by Henry Sienkievich which he called this book “Havass Hai Emperatour”.

 

From 1940 to 1979, before the Islamic Revolution, Hassan’s body of works can be divided in two forms:

 

1-     Translation of books

2-     Research, Compiling, Writing and Translation

 

The list of all his works, year of prints and reprints are on the last page of this article.

 

With all his research and writings, unfortunately because “Book Review” was not customary common in Iran, we have no basis to find reviews done on all the body of his works. What we know though, is that his style of writing is simple and poetic. Hassan gravitates towards Romanticism style of literature written between 18th and 19th century in Western Europe. He had a great command of English Language. It seems not too many Iranians were familiar with the literary works of Europe. He introduced this style of romanticism and naturalism. Most of his books were read throughout Iran and reprinted even up to eight times.

Some of his translations were published in magazines and papers before they became books.

Two of his literary works have a higher place amongst his research and translations

 

1-     Compiling and writing abstracts of the most famous, popular and bestseller literary books of the world, from ancient times to 20th century, (in four volumes). It is estimated he started working on this project in 1964 and finished by 1978. The first volume was published in 1974; the printing of the remaining three volumes was finished by 1981. “he planned to work on more volumes but revolution and emigrating to USA, and lack of money and resources put a stop to this project

These four volumes introduces one hundred and twenty poets and writers from all over the world, such as Greece, China, USA, France, England, Italy and so forth, with introducing and compiling one book from each writer. These volumes enable Iranian to educate themselves with world literary works and biography of their writers.

 

2-     Translation of T.S. Eliot’s famous book of poems, Wasteland. This translation is named “Sarzamin Bihassel”. Dr. Ehsan Yarshater from “Encyclopedia Iranica” nominated this book to Columbia University “Society of International Translators” and won Hassan Shahbaz the prestigious “Thornton Wilder Literary Award”

 

 

Shortly after the 1979 revolution in Iran, Hassan had no choice but to leave his beloved country and move to Washington DC. He moved to Los Angeles, California a year later, where he lived - until his death in May 2006.

 

In Los Angeles, with the financial help of some of his friends, Hassan established a Quarterly Persian Journal of Iranian Studies. His friends joined in as well to help by submitting articles or helping in editing the articles. The first issue of “Rahavard Persian Journal” came out in the spring of 1982. By the twentieth issue Rahavard consisted of seven sections:

 

1-     Culture, Literature, Art, Religion and Philosophy

2-     History of Iran

3-     Memoirs

4-     Book Introduction and Review

5-     Poems and Poets

6-     Letters to the Editor

7-     Obituaries

 

In the above sections, people who were instrumental in shaping Iran during the Shah’s reign and the beginning of the revolution; wrote their memoirs or Articles. Writers included politicians, bankers, military, industrialists, and much more.

 

Such as:

Dr. Jamshid Amouzgar (volumes 32, 33, 34, 39, and 42)

Sharif Emami, former Prime Minister and Speaker of the House, (Volumes 36 and 37)

Mehdi Bazargan Prime Minister during revolution (volumes 36 and 38)

General Fereydoun Jam (volumes from 20 to 60)

General Jafar Sanei (volumes 74 to 78)

Ali Rezai (volume 49)

Hassan Azinfar (volumes 28 through 69)

 

 

The Book Review Section has introduced over four hundred books written inside or outside of Iran by Iranians or about Iran by foreigners.

 

The publication of Rahavard was sporadic and sometimes two issues were published in one volume.   This was the case until the twenty-second issue when the publication became organized and was released on an established schedule.

In total over three thousand articles have been written thus far in Rahavard, three hundred of them were written by Hassan Shahbaz. Some of his articles have even been published into books.

 

By 1989, Rahavard was an established publication and Hassan had well surpassed his dream of only wanting to be a writer and now was pursuing the preservation of the Iranian culture and Persian literature. His personal life was also taking a new direction. Establishing himself as a permanent bachelor, he fell in love with Ms. Sholeh Shams at the beginning of 1989.  By 1992, he married the second love of his life. Ms. Shams was teaching at College, however, she became involved with Rahavard.  She was instrumental in computerizing Rahavard administration, took over managing finances, and in the evenings helped edit articles. 

 

By the year 2005, he was at the pinnacle of his success. Friends and supporters celebrated the twenty fifth year of the publication of Rahavard and honored Hassan’s dedication to preserving the culture of Iran and Persian literature. Rahavard released a special issue (seventieth issue) to commemorate this event.

 

As Hassan was aging, he became less involved in Rahavard.  The last published Rahavard before his demise was the seventy-fourth issue.  Rahavard Persian Journal is still being published and to date marks the seventy-ninth issue.

 

 

LIST OF HIS PUBLISHED WORKS:

 

a-      Translations

A- Translations

1- Sienkiewicz, Henrique. Quo Vadis (Kojamiravi), The. 1943, tenth ed. 1973.

 2 – Corelli, Marie. Wormwood (Sargozasht), The. 1944, fifth ed. 1964.

3 –De Maurier, Daphne. Rebecca (Rebecca) The. 1954, tenth ed. 1978

4 – Mitchell, Margaret, Gone with the Wind (Bar Baad Rafteh) The. 1959. Two vol. Sixth ed. 1999.

5 – (nineteen short stories from American writers) Collection of Short Stories Teh. 1974. Third ed. 1979.

6 – Downing, Roland. The Long Walk, (Rahe bi Payan), the. 1957

7 – سیری در بزرگترین کتاب های جهانCollection of the world  famous books in 4 volumes, Teh.74-1976 19  First ed.1981 Third  ed.

The collection includes 120 books (from ancient times to current) of 120 outstanding world writers

B- Research, critics and writings

8 –(Collection of 29 of the most popular Operas) Famous Operas The Teh. 1972.

9 – Gitangali, Rabindranath Tagore (compiling from research on eighteen books) The. 1979.

 10 – Eliot, T. S., Wasteland, (Sarzamineh Bihasel) Teh. 1979, , second ed. 1983.

11- (Gote) Faust Tragedy.

12 – (Balzac’s Life) The. 1985.

13 – (مروری بر زندگی نامه فرانسوا ولترFrancois Voltaire)) Candid The. 1985.

CRahavard, Quarterly Persian Magazine, and Memories

14 – 74 شماه ره آورد،(74 Volumes of Rahavard Persian Journal)  لوس آنجلس، از سال 1385 - 1361

15 – غرور و مصیبت، لوس آنجلسPride & Sorrow (Hassan Shahbaz autobiography) ، 1378.

16 - (دفتر شعر) با گام های خسته در دشت های دورWith weary Steps in Faraway Land , (Collection of his poems)، لوس آنجلس، 1378.

17 -  خاطره یک عشقMemories of a Love, ، لوس آنجلس، 1383.

18 - سخن های پراکنده، Sporadic Conversations  لوس آنجلس، 1385.

Hassan Shahbaz Memorial Scholarship

The Iranian-American Scholarship Fund, is very proud to announce the establishment of an annual scholarship in the name of:
Hassan Shahbaz Memorial Scholarship
This scholarship has been created by friends of the late scholar Mr. Shahbaz. It is our hope that others will join in contributing to this scholarship on an annual basis so that a permanent scholarship endowment continues in Mr. Shahbaz's name.

In future years, this scholarship will be offered to a young Iranian-American who will present a literary/historical paper on Iran, to be published in Rahavard.

Contributions are tax-deductible (as permitted by law) and can be forwarded to:

Iranian-American Scholarship Fund
Hassan Shahbaz Scholarship
P.O. Box 500835
San Diego, CA 92150

The Iranian-American Scholarship Fund (www.iasfund.org) is a non-profit 501(c) 3 organization, registered in the state of California. This Fund was established in 1997 as the first university scholarships for Iranian-American students supported by the Iranian community. Scholarships are awarded to support graduate and undergraduate Iranian-American students who exhibit academic excellence, as well as financial need. To date, 61 scholarships have been awarded and from the academic year of 2006-2007, celebrating our 10th anniversary, scholarships will be awarded on a national basis. This Fund is overseen by the Board of Trustees, who volunteer their time and resources without any form of compensation.
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